Monday, October 31, 2011

History of Coffee - London 1690

Coffee’s success in Europe's rapidly growing cities resulted from the growing resentment against the effects of wines and beer. In England, Italy, France and Holland the coffee house became an immediate threat to the saloons and bars. A gentleman, without fear of intoxication, could slake his thirst and fulfill his need for social and intellectual interaction. The stimulation of coffee would not carry him beyond the confines of good taste.

By 1690, the coffee house was an institution in London and the beverage was sold all over the city. Opposition to the coffee house came from the tavern keepers who saw a quick decline to the liquor trade in the burgeoning competition of coffee. But the forces of temperance prospered and by 1715 there were more than 2,000 London coffee houses catering to every class of society. London consumed more coffee than any other city in the world.

Yours truly,

Mariano Ospina

Sunday, October 30, 2011

Five Reasons to Drink Coffee

Apparently, coffee is now good for you. It holds a host of physical (not to mention psychological) benefits which scientists are only now beginning to appreciate:

1. It reduces depression in women. A new study out of Harvard University shows that women who regularly drink coffee (the fully caffeinated kind) have a 20 percent lower risk of depression than nondrinkers. This comes on the heels of previous research showing that the risk of suicide decreases with increased coffee consumption.

2. It lowers the risk of lethal prostate cancer in men. In another study out of Harvard, men who drank six or more cups per day had a 60 percent lower risk of developing the most lethal type of prostate cancer, and a 20 percent lower risk of forming any type of prostate cancer compared to men who did not drink coffee. Given that prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed
cancer in men, this is quite extraordinary news!

3. It may protect against head and neck cancers. A study from the University of Utah showed that people who drank more than four cups of coffee aday had a 39 percent decreased risk of cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx combined, compared with those who didn't drink coffee. Regular consumption of coffee has also been linked to a lower risk for brain tumors, reduced rates of colorectal and endometrial cancer, as well as liver cancer and cirrhosis.

4. It may ward off Alzheimer's disease. Several studies looking at how caffeine affects brain development in mice have confirmed that caffeine significantly decreases abnormal levels of the protein linked to Alzheimer's disease. When aged mice bred to develop symptoms of Alzheimer's disease were given caffeine (the equivalent of five cups of coffee a day) their memory impairment was reversed, according to a report issued by the Florida Alzheimer's Disease Research Centre. Should these results be replicated on humans, it might suggest coffee as an effective treatment for this disease, rather than just a protective strategy.

5. It appears to stave off diabetes. Numerous studies have shown that coffee may be protective against Type 2 Diabetes, although the precise mechanism is not well understood. An analysis in the Archives of Internal Medicine, for example, found that people who drink three to four cups of coffee a day are 25 percent less likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than those who drink fewer than two cups. In the U.S. alone, nearly 24 million children and adults (8 percent of the population ) have diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease and accounts for about 90 to 95 percent of these cases.
Yours truly,
Mariano Ospina